THE'industry 4.0 is a term that reflects the 4th industrial revolution. It happens thanks to incredible advances in information technology and robotics. However, entrepreneurs do not yet know that the concept ofIndustry 4.0 can significantly improve their productivity, product quality and also reduce their costs. So the question is: What really is Industry 4.0?
In this article, experts from Treakor (It consulting firm) will give you everything you need to know about theindustry 4.0 and how production has been reinvented thanks to this new industrial revolution. We begin !
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Where does the term "industry 4.0" come from?
Over the past few years, the industry has seen major advancements that have increasingly transformed the way goods are made and sold. So theindustry 4.0 happened in the wake of the 3 revolutions and it is characterized by the establishment of a IoT connectivity between production systems, components and people. Hence, the birth of smart factories.
What is Industry 4.0?
If previous industrial revolutions were based on the automation of the production process, industry 4.0 is a technology that consists of controlling your machines in real time and thus keeping an eye on your production. This becomes possible following the installation of sensors at each stage of the production process. In this way, you can prevent anomalies, receive alerts and perform machine maintenance in the event of breakdowns. Thus, Industry 4.0 has helped to reduce or even completely eliminate downtime and thus to speed up production.
What are the contributions of Industry 4.0 to companies?
Thanks to recent technological developments, it is now easier and more economical for companies, SMEs or SMIs, to invest in 4.0 technologies. These improve theefficiency and the speed of the production process, stock management, time to market, flexibility and finally, work environment safety.
Main technologies on which Industry 4.0 is based
Internet of Things (IoT)
The Internet of Things (in English: Internet of Things / IoT) refers to a set of objects connected to each other via the Internet. These objects can receive and transmit data without human intervention.
Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS)
Basically, cyber-physical systems (CPS) are machines monitored by computers to control physical entities. Autonomous vehicles (example: Tesla) is an example of these types of systems.
Big Data and Data Analytics
Big Data is the way to manage a huge amount of data that happens continuously. The goal is to be able to draw conclusions to better generate business.
Cloud computing provides resources (storage, processing power, analysis, etc.) that can be accessed remotely via the internet.
Cobots are collaborative robots designed to free operators from repetitive, complex and dangerous tasks.
Even if it is not yet widespread, the 5G connection will facilitate the use of the IOT (Internet of things) and will increase the level of range between connected objects. This allows for greater flexibility and better efficiency in factories.
Examples of Industry 4.0 applications?
- Monitor and control machines in real time: By installing sensors on your machines, you can monitor your production, collect real-time data, correct problems and make the best strategic decisions.
- Get rid of papers: By moving to Industry 4.0, all business documents (instructions, product specification, purchase orders, etc.) of a company become digital. This helps companies reduce errors caused by faulty data and save time. time and money.
- Benefit from smart machines: In the era of Industry 4.0, machines have become able to analyze their own data, predict when they need to be repaired and even make appointments with a technician. Impressive !
- Optimizing the production process: Through data mining, you can identify the best production scenarios and use them to optimize the use of your assets, improve production and thus reduce costs.
The challenges and opportunities of Industry 4.0:
One of the major challenges that Industry 4.0 will face in the coming years is the endangerment of millions of jobs (40% of all existing jobs) caused by advances in the fields of automation and the robotics. Robots today can replace human beings and perform the most complex and dangerous tasks.
However, the 4th industrial revolution has contributed to opening up new perspectives and creating a significant number of opportunities, especially in the fields of big data, cybersecurity, blockchain, cloud computing, etc.